Discrimination - Your Rights

Types of discrimination (protected characteristics)

It is against the law to discriminate against anyone because of:
  • age,
  • gender reassignment,
  • being married or in a civil partnership,
  • being pregnant or on maternity leave,
  • disability,
  • race including colour, nationality, ethnic or national origin,
  • religion or belief,
  • sex,
  • sexual orientation.
These are called protected characteristics.
You are protected from discrimination:
  • at work,
  • in education,
  • as a consumer,
  • when using public services,
  • when buying or renting property,
  • as a member or guest of a private club or association.
You are legally protected from discrimination by the Equality Act 2010.
You are also protected from discrimination if:
  • you are associated with someone who has a protected characteristic, for example a family member or friend,
  • you have complained about discrimination or supported someone else’s claim.

Action against discrimination

You can do something voluntarily to help people with a protected characteristic. This is called positive action.
Taking positive action is legal if people with a protected characteristic:
  • are at a disadvantage,
  • have particular needs,
  • are under-represented in an activity or type of work.