Fire Risk Assessments

The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 (the Order) applies to Caravan/mobile and park home sites.

It applies to all non domestic premises in England and Wales, including certain types of caravan sites:

  1. All sites with common or shared parts (which are most sites); and
  2. Individual caravans which are holiday-let type for example they are rented out.

On these sites the licence holder has a duty to undertake a fire risk assessment and decide what prevention and protection arrangements are appropriate and adequate to mitigate the identified risks.

There are some sites around the country which do not need a fire risk assessment. These include single unit sites and those sites which are occupied by single family groups.

The Communities and Local Government website contains a range of helpful information on fire safety and the requirements of the Fire Safety Order.

This is a Health and Safety Checklist for reference when carrying out your risk assessment / assessment review to comply with the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005.

Typical hazards associated with caravan, park/mobile/home and camping sites and example control measures.

(Please note: the following provides examples, it is not intended as an exhaustive list of areas to consider or a list of all potential hazards and controls relevant to your site. It is provided as an aide and information source to refer to when carrying out your site specific assessment.)

Static park, mobile homes or caravans

Topic Area

Example Hazards

Example control measures

Siting and removing of static caravans

Fatality/serious injury
Musculoskeletal disorders

  • Plan for siting / removing caravans/homes;
  • Staff training and supervision;
  • Agreed procedure with contractors, including risk assessment;
  • Exclude members of public from work area (ideally move caravans when site is closed).

Site layout

Topic Area

Example Hazards

Example control measures

Layout of:

  • Holiday lets
  • Owner occupied
  • Touring Caravans
  • Camping Pods
  • Tents

Fire risk

  • Adequate separation between units - Including controls on the construction of decking between units according to site licence conditions and fire risk assessment;
  • No combustible sheds or other structures within the separation distance;
  • No combustible storage beneath caravans or decking;
  • Vegetation kept cut back;
  • Fire hose reels and extinguishers provided in accordance with site licence conditions;
  • Maintenance regime for fire fighting equipment, including frost protection.

Camping pods

Topic Area

Example Hazards

Example control measures

Use

Carbon monoxide (CO)

Notices within pods that no gas heaters, naked flames or BBQs allowed within pods.
Advice given to pod users at booking and on arrival, advice displayed on site and at retail point where BBQ's sold. For further information see links below

Tents or caravans

Topic Area

Example Hazards

Example control measures

Use

Carbon Monoxide (CO)

Advice displayed on site and at retail point where BBQ's sold of dangers of Carbon Monoxide

Site services (for park, mobile home or caravan sites)

Topic Area

Example Hazards

Example control measures

Electrical installation and equipment

Electric shock and burns

  • Regular visual checks for damage to installations, including hook ups and equipment;
  • Electrical testing and inspection reports up-to-date, in compliance with site licence conditions;
  • Work undertaken by competent person conversant with statutory requirements e.g. NICEIC or ECA contractor;
  • Isolation of abandoned pitches;
  • Regular Residual Current Device (RCD) checks.

Overhead electric cables

Electrocution

  • Overhead lines insulated, anti climb devices fitted;
  • Warning notices displayed;
  • Advice given to site users.

Gas

Gas leak/explosion
Carbon monoxide poisoning

  • Replace old or perished gas hoses;
  • Annual gas safety checks of site boilers, water heaters etc and equipment in holiday lets by Gas Safe Installer registered to work on LPG on caravan sites.

LPG

Topic Area

Example Hazards

Example control measures

LPG storage

Gas leak/ explosion/fire

Compound for storage of new and used gas cylinders

  • Suitably sited - away from buildings and drain gullies;
  • Kept locked;
  • Free from overgrown vegetation;
  • Adequate size to meet site requirements (no stacking of cylinders);
  • No cylinder storage outside the cage;
  • Warning signage displayed;
  • No smoking.

Roadways and footpaths

Topic Area

Example Hazards

Example control measures

Pedestrian safety

  • slips and trips,
  • collision with vehicles.
  • Maintain access roads and footpaths in good repair;
  • Speed limits imposed;
  • Pedestrian routes clearly marked;
  • Provide handrails to steps;
  • Lighting of footways as necessary;
  • Clearly marked road system;
  • Separate pedestrians from vehicles where possible.

Traffic routes

Vehicles - collision

  • Clearly marked traffic route, no obstructions;
  • Speed limit applied;
  • Adequate road width or one-way system in place.

Winter conditions

Icy/snowy conditions

  • Treatment of road and footpaths as appropriate;
  • Signage.

Amenity blocks

Topic Area

Example Hazards

Example control measures

Floors

Slips/trips

  • Slip resistant flooring;
  • Adequate cleaning procedures;
  • Signage for wet or slippery floors.

Water temperature

Scalding from hot water

  • Thermostatic control valves at water outlets;
  • Warning signage.

Legionella

Legionella risk

  • Boiler maintenance according to manufacturers instructions;
  • Run all showers and other fittings weekly to avoid water stagnating;
  • Dismantle and clean shower heads at least quarterly;
  • Remove redundant pipe work;
  • Keep water cisterns covered, insulated and free of debris.

Laundry room

Electric shock/physical injury

  • Ensure safety of electrical equipment;
  • Interlocks fitted to washing machines, dryers etc.

Leisure

Topic Area

Example Hazards

Example control measures

Play Areas

Slips, trips and falls

  • Regular safety checks of equipment and surrounding area;
  • Suitable floor surface material, replaced or repaired as necessary;
  • Safe access route to the playground;
  • Exclusion of animals;
  • Safety signage displayed e.g. supervision by parents, age restrictions and zones.

Spa Pools / Hot Tubs

Legionella
Risk of other infections

  • Staff training in pool management;
  • Effective water treatment;
  • Water sampling program;
  • Instructions to users.

Asbestos

Topic Area

Example Hazards

Example control measures

Asbestos containing material

Asbestos related disease

  • Find out whether there are any materials containing asbestos on the site and, if so, where it is and what condition it is in. If in doubt, materials must be presumed to contain asbestos;
  • assess the risk; and
  • make a plan to manage that risk and act on it.

Grounds maintenance

Topic Area

Example Hazards

Example control measures

Grounds Maintenance

Chemical poisoning

  • Safe use of grass cutting and other equipment
  • Trained staff
  • Equipment maintenance

 

Physical injury

  • Safe use of grass cutting and other equipment
  • Trained staff
  • Equipment maintenance

Conflicting site uses

Topic Area

Example Hazards

Example control measures

Conflicting site uses

Collision or accident

Other activities kept separate from the caravan site

Possible other site features

Topic Area

Example Hazards

Example control measures

Steep slopes/ sudden changes in level

Slips trips and falls

  • Fencing as appropriate;
  • Warning signage;
  • Advice to site users.

Watercourses

Drowning
Flood risk

  • Fencing as appropriate;
  • Warning signage;
  • Advice to site users.

Ticks

Lyme Disease

Information provided on site.