Cyclist is in serious condition after a collision wth a van near Mepal

Ely Standard - Sun, 23/10/2016 - 18:36

A cyclist is in a serious condition in Addenbrooke’s Hospital after he was in a collision with a van on the A142 between Sutton and Mepal.

Categories: Local Press

Cause of death given for stranded Holkham fin whale

Newmarket Journal - Sun, 23/10/2016 - 18:34
A dead fin whale found stranded at Holkham Beach on Thursday is thought to have died from starvation due to a spinal abnormality.
Categories: Local Press

You mean with NINE warning signs you still managed to hit the bridge? Plaintive cry of an exasperated policeman in Ely tonight

Ely Standard - Sat, 22/10/2016 - 23:51

Whether it’s been faulty sat navs, misjudgement or driver error but exasperated traffic cops finally blew off steam tonight after another vehicle hit the bridge at Ely rail station.

Categories: Local Press

‘Killer clown’ craze continues - this time in Haughley

Newmarket Journal - Sat, 22/10/2016 - 18:28
Police were called after a clown was spotted in Haughley this afternoon waving what could have been a knife.
Categories: Local Press

VIDEO: Star Wars characters help launch sci-fi exhibition in Bury St Edmunds

Newmarket Journal - Sat, 22/10/2016 - 14:25
Crowds gathered in the Bury St Edmunds market place this morning as Stormtroopers and a host of other iconic Star Wars characters arrived at Moyse’s Hall.
Categories: Local Press

Sweetened drinks, including diet drinks, may raise diabetes risk

NHS Choices - Behind the Headlines - Fri, 21/10/2016 - 18:30

"Drinking more than two sugary or artificially sweetened soft drinks per day greatly increases the risk of diabetes, research has shown," The Guardian reports.

The research was a Swedish cohort study of sweetened drink consumption over the past year for people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. They also looked at people with an uncommon form of diabetes known as latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) which shares features with type 1 and 2 diabetes.

Both groups were then compared with a diabetes-free control group.

Drinking more than two sweetened drinks per day was linked with being roughly twice as likely to have diabetes.

For type 2 diabetes the link was similar when separately analysing sugary and diet drinks. The link with LADA was a little weaker and did not stand up to statistical significance when separately analysing sugary and artificially-sweetened drinks.

However, this study cannot prove that sweetened drinks alone have directly caused these conditions. Other unhealthy lifestyle factors like smoking and poor diet in general were also linked with the two forms of diabetes.

Also, one of the hallmark symptoms of diabetes is increased thirst so it could be possible that in some cases the diabetes came first and was then followed by increased consumption of sweetened drinks.

These uncertainties aside, the results broadly support our understanding of the risk factors for diabetes, which also apply to several other chronic diseases.

To reduce your risk of diabetes, eat a healthy diet, exercise regularlystop smoking and cut down on alcohol consumption.

Read more about diabetes prevention.


Where did the story come from?

The study was carried out by researchers from the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm and other institutions in Sweden and Finland. Funding was provided by the Swedish Research Council, the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, AFA Insurance and the Swedish Diabetes Association.

The study was published in the peer reviewed European Journal of Endocrinology and is openly available to access online.

The UK media gives slightly confused reporting by dividing between reporting on diet drinks or sugary drinks.

All the media reports mentioned two drinks per day. The significant links were actually for more than two drinks per day – for example, two-and-a-half or three.

There were no links for two or fewer drinks of any type. In any case, with food frequency questions there is the chance that estimates on portion size or frequency may be inaccurate.


What kind of research was this?

This was a case-control study within a population-based Swedish cohort study that aimed to see whether consumption of sweetened drinks was associated with risk of a rare form of diabetes called latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA).

LADA has features of type 1 diabetes, where the body's own immune cells destroy the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. But unlike type 1 diabetes, which normally develops in childhood, in LADA the cell destruction is much slower.

Also, the condition often develops later in life and shares many features with type 2 diabetes. For example, the person doesn't always need treatment with insulin straight away. This study reports that in the Swedish diabetes registry, LADA accounts for 5% of all cases.

The researchers compared drink consumption between cases with LADA or conventional type 2 diabetes and diabetes-free controls. The difficulty with this study design is that it's always going to be difficult to prove that a single factor, such as sweetened drinks, is definitely the cause of the condition. 


What did the research involve?

The study used data from the population-based cohort study ESTRID (Epidemiological Study of Risk Factors for LADA and Type 2 Diabetes) which started in 2010.

This study invited people with LADA or Type 2 diabetes from the Swedish diabetes registry to take part, along with a random selection of people aged 35 or over who were free from diabetes to act as controls.

Participants were set to be recruited in a ratio of four people with type 2 diabetes and six controls for every one person with LADA.

All people with diabetes were diagnosed by a doctor. There are said to be no definite criteria for LADA diagnosis, but the study used criteria in line with other literature.

Participants completed a health and lifestyle questionnaire. This included information on weight and height, physical activity, smoking, alcohol intake, family history of diabetes and educational level.

These factors were considered as potential confounders.

They also completed a 132-item food frequency questionnaire. Participants were asked to report their normal food consumption in the preceding year. Three questions asked about intake of sweetened drinks:

  • cola
  • diet cola
  • other diet soft drinks/soda (for example diluted syrups)

They were asked to report the number of 200ml servings per day or per week. Questions on fruit juice weren't analysed in the study.

The researchers analysed the difference in sweetened drink consumption between cases and controls, adjusting for the other confounders.


What were the basic results?

Data was available for 1,136 people with type 2 diabetes, 357 people with LADA, and 1,371 diabetes-free controls.

Average age was 59 for people with LADA and controls, and 68 for those with type 2 diabetes.

Just under two-thirds of all people reported consuming sweetened (including artificially sweetened) drinks.

In general they found that consumption of sweetened drinks was linked with higher body mass index (BMI) and other poor lifestyle factors like smoking, low physical activity and consumption of processed meat and sugary foods.

In adjusted analyses, people drinking more than two servings of any sweetened drinks a day had almost doubled odds of LADA compared with non-consumers (odds ratio [OR] 1.99, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11 to 3.56). Each extra daily serving was linked with 15% increased risk (OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.29).

For type 2 diabetes, the link was a little stronger. More than two servings a day was linked with more than twice the odds of type 2 compared with non-consumers (OR 2.39, 95% CI 1.39 to 4.09), and each extra daily serving conferred a 20% increased risk (OR 1.20, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.34).

When separately analysing both sugar-sweetened and artificially-sweetened drinks, the findings were similar and still significant for type 2 diabetes. However, for LADA all links fell short of statistical significance on separate analysis.

Drinking two or fewer drinks per day – either sugar-sweetened or artificially-sweetened drinks – was not linked with either LADA or type 2 diabetes. 


How did the researchers interpret the results?

The researchers conclude: "High intake of sweetened beverages was associated with increased risk of LADA. The observed relationship resembled that with type 2 diabetes, suggesting common pathways possibly involving insulin resistance."



This study primarily aimed to see if consuming sweetened drinks was associated with the rarer condition of LADA, as it is with type 2 diabetes.

The researchers found that having more than two drinks per day was linked with increased odds of both conditions – though the link with LADA was a little weaker and not statistically significant when separately analysing diet and sugary drinks.

They also found that high BMI and other poor lifestyle choices were also linked with the conditions.

The findings generally support what is understood about type 2 diabetes, that high sugar intake, poor diet, low activity and high BMI increase risk. They similarly show that this is also likely to be the case with this rarer variant of the condition.

There are a couple of points to note:

  • This study design cannot prove that sweetened drinks are the direct cause of diabetes in these people. It is likely that high consumption of sweetened drinks is part of a wider picture of generally poor lifestyle habits. Though the researchers have adjusted their analyses for confounding factors, it is difficult to fully account for each health and lifestyle variable that could be having an influence.
  • The results are based on a food frequency questionnaire assessing intake over the past year. Though this is the best way you can look at this, it may not be entirely accurate – particularly when questioning regular portion size – or reflect longer term patterns over the course of the person's lifetime.
  • Several of these analyses deal with small numbers. For example, only 14 people with LADA drank more than two servings of diet drinks a day. Analyses based on small numbers are generally less reliable than those based on larger numbers of people.
  • This is a Swedish cohort. Lifestyle and environmental differences may mean the study is not completely representative of the UK population.

One expert from the University of Cambridge also considers another possibility that increased drink consumption could be due to increased thirst before diabetes is diagnosed – that is, the study can't rule out that this finding could be a symptom rather than a cause of diabetes.

The researchers did try and take account of consumption of water and other drinks as a general marker of thirst, but this is still a possibility the study design can't rule out.

Nevertheless, the findings support current understanding of the risk factors for diabetes, which apply to several other chronic diseases.

To reduce your risk of diabetes (as well as heart disease, stroke and some cancers), eat a healthy diet, exercise regularlydon't smoke and cut down on alcohol consumption.

Read more about diabetes prevention.

Links To The Headlines

Just two sugary drinks a day greatly increases diabetes risk, study shows. The Guardian, October 21 2016

Two diet drinks a day could double the risk of diabetes, study finds. The Daily Telegraph, October 21 2016

Diet Coke WON’T stop you getting diabetes: Two glasses of calorie-free drinks a day 'doubles the risk'. Mail Online, October 21 2016

Links To Science

Löfvenborg JE, Andersson T, Carlsson P, et al. Sweetened beverage intake and risk of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) and type 2 diabetes. European Journal of Endocrinology. Published online October 21 2016

Categories: NHS Choices

Suffolk-based transport company Turners ‘well placed’ for further growth

Ely Standard - Fri, 21/10/2016 - 17:37

Suffolk-based logistics company Turners (Soham) Ltd has reported increased annual revenues and profit, and says it is “well placed” for further success despite competitive market conditions.

Categories: Local Press

Appeal for man who spoke to missing Corrie in Bury St Edmunds takeaway to come forward

Newmarket Journal - Fri, 21/10/2016 - 17:22
As enquiries to trace missing airman Corrie McKeague continue, police are releasing details of a further potential witness they would like to speak to.
Categories: Local Press

Skylark Garden Centre’s fireworks spectacular set to go off with a bang

Ely Standard - Fri, 21/10/2016 - 17:19

Skylark Garden Centre is preparing for its biggest fireworks spectacular to date.

Categories: Local Press

Cambridgeshire County Councillors reject calls to oppose re-introduction of grammar schools by just one vote

Ely Standard - Fri, 21/10/2016 - 16:51

County councillors gave their backing – but by the narrowest of margins- to the reintroduction of grammar schools into Cambridgeshire.

Categories: Local Press

They came, they saw, and they found 42 attractions to tempt you to visit Wisbech - here’s some of them

Ely Standard - Fri, 21/10/2016 - 16:51

It’s the bible of international jet setters and will recommend – or advise you to avoid – some of the world’s most expensive hotels and restaurant but now TripAdvisor has turned its attention to Wisbech.

Categories: Local Press

NHS bosses unveil beginnings of master plan to re-develop Princess of Wales Hospital, Ely - a decision warmly welcomed

Ely Standard - Fri, 21/10/2016 - 16:13

A major re-development of the Princess of Wales Hospital, Ely, has been unveiled by joint owners the NHS and the Ministry of Defence.

Categories: Local Press

Ely will not be left behind amid focus on Norwich to London line, claims Network Rail boss

Ely Standard - Fri, 21/10/2016 - 15:30

Rail infrastructure around Ely is “flashing at the top” of Network Rail’s list of priorities, a boss of the body responsible for the country’s rail tracks and signals has said.

Categories: Local Press

Littleport company QNT Sport lends a helping hand to personal training students

Ely Standard - Fri, 21/10/2016 - 15:23

Budding personal trainers from Cambridge Regonal College have received a big sponsorship boost from a Littleport company.

Categories: Local Press

Nurse who drank and took sleeping tablets while on duty at a Chatteris care home is ‘struck off’

Ely Standard - Fri, 21/10/2016 - 12:05

A nurse who drank alcohol and took sleeping tablets while working a night shift at a Chatteris care home has been struck off by the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC)

Categories: Local Press

Ely XT Firework Spectacular returns in November

Ely Standard - Fri, 21/10/2016 - 11:41

One of the biggest events in the city’s calender, Ely XT Firework Spectacular, is almost here.

Categories: Local Press

‘Scary but fun’ ghostly Halloween tours at Oliver Cromwell’s House, Ely

Ely Standard - Fri, 21/10/2016 - 11:12

Head to Oliver Cromwell’s House this Halloween weekend for a ghostly guided tour that’s “scary but fun.

Categories: Local Press

Police and county council urge residents to be vigilant after scam victim is conned by hundreds of fake prize draws

Ely Standard - Fri, 21/10/2016 - 11:03

The police and county council have issued a warning to be vigilant against scammers after the case of an elderly victim who was sent hundreds of letters – enough to fill four bin bags – by conmen asking for money.

Categories: Local Press

Students explore the world of work at East Cambridgeshire Career and Skills Show

Ely Standard - Fri, 21/10/2016 - 09:54

Students were given an insight into the world of work thanks to a career and skills show at Ely Cathedral.

Categories: Local Press

Police commissioner pledges to get to grips with rural crime

Ely Standard - Fri, 21/10/2016 - 09:37

Police and crime commissioner, Jason Ablewhite, met with farmers and rural businesses to better understand the impact of rural crime in the county.

Categories: Local Press